Malaria is present throughout sub-Saharan Africa. It is also possible for mosquitoes to pass on dengue, chikungunya and Zika (especially in Cape Verde). Protective measures are therefore required:
- Mosquito repellent (creams or sprays),
- Mosquito nets,
- Full-length clothing, etc.
Medicinal treatments suited to each traveller are also recommended. Tuberculosis also affects some countries. Therefore, before boarding your flight from Lyon Saint-Exupéry airport, make sure that young children in particular have had their BCG vaccination. Hygiene precautions must also be taken to prevent catching infectious diseases such as cholera, or simple traveller's diarrhoea, which occur in certain countries: drink bottled mineral water, wash your hands often, do not eat raw food, etc.
Note that Ebola is also present in some African countries, as well as cases of bird flu and Coronavirus (Northern Africa): contact with animals should be avoided.