North America Health Advice

Stay informed and be prepared

guide  santé amérique du nord

At 24 million km², North America is the third largest continent in the world. Healthcare conditions and quality of care are fairly similar to Europe for Canada, the US and Greenland. More precautions should be taken in Mexico.

Which vaccines do you need to visit North America?


No vaccines are required for travelling to North America. However, the usual basic vaccination schedule (diphtheria, tetanus, polio and measles) is recommended.

As hepatitis A is rare in North America, vaccination is only encouraged for Hawaii and recommended for Mexico and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Hepatitis B and typhoid fever vaccination should be given for extended stays in Hawaii, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Mexico.

Rabies vaccination is recommended for travel to areas with a large bat population.

Preventing infectious and parasitic diseases
in North America

Risks linked to infectious diseases in North America (Canada and the US) are low. However, freshwater sports enthusiasts should see their doctor before travelling. Vaccination may be offered against leptospirosis.
In certain areas of Mexico, water and food may carry diseases (cholera, typhoid fever and hepatitis A). You should therefore only drink from sealed bottles and eat peeled or well-cooked food.

Mosquitoes, which carry diseases, are very prevalent in North America, especially in wetland areas. Preventive measures must be taken:

  • Wear full-length clothing,
  • Use suitable mosquito repellents,
  • Sleep under a mosquito net in tropical destinations.

You do not need to worry about malaria prevention, as the disease is not present in this part of the world.

Ticks, which are found in the US and Canada in particular, can spread various infections. A careful inspection of the body is recommended after any hiking.

Lastly, be aware that the countryside, which is very vast in all North American countries, is host to a wide range of fauna. We highly recommend you avoid all contact with animals.

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